## Excerpted from

## Chapter Two -

## The Wheels Go Round and Round

Electricity is
the movement of electrons. electrons create charge, which we can harness to do
work. Your lights, your computer, your phone, etc., are all harnessing the flow
of the electrons in order to do things for you using our machines. They all
operate using the same basic power source: the flow of electrons.

First we'll
explain electricity using these three basic principles of electrical flow and
later in the chapter teach you the difference using the flow of Maxtrons or the
force of Maxtricity.

·

**Voltage**is the difference in charge between two points.
·

**Current**is the rate at which charge is flowing.
·

**Resistance**is a material’s tendency to resist the flow of charge (current).
So, when we talk
about these values, we’re really describing the movement of charge, and thus,
the behavior of electrons. A circuit is a closed loop that allows charge to
flow from one place to another. Components in the circuit allow us to control
this charge and use it to do useful work.

George Ohm was a
Bavarian scientist who describes a unit of resistance that is defined by
current and voltage. So, we start with voltage and will go from there.

##
Voltage

Voltage is
defined as the amount of potential energy between two points on a circuit. One
point has more charge than another. This difference in charge between the two
points is called voltage. It is measured in volts, which, technically, is the
potential energy difference between two points that will impart one joule of
energy per coulomb of charge that passes through it The unit “volt” is named after the Italian
physicist Alessandro Volta who
invented what is considered to be the first chemical battery. We represent
Voltage in equations by the letter “V”.

When describing
voltage, current, and resistance, a common analogy is a water tank. In this
analogy, charge is represented by the water

*amount*, voltage is represented by the water*pressure*, and current is represented by the water*flow*. So for this analogy, remember:
·
Water
= Charge

·
Pressure
= Voltage

·
Flow
= Current

Consider a water
tank at a certain height above the ground. At the bottom of this tank there is
a hose.

The most used of
all scientific rules today is Ohm's Law because it is the basis of all of the
electrical devices in your home and business.
When a company like Apple or Google or Intel or Toyota
or Tesla create any kind of product, they first must design their ideas about
the electrical components of their products so that they conform to Ohm's
Law. This is the same rule of Nature
that we all learned in High School if we were fortunate enough to have a good
High School Physics teacher.

Simply stated
Ohm's Law:

This formula deals with only three things about Electricity:

·

**Voltage**is the difference in charge between two points.
·

**Current**is the rate at which charge is flowing.
·

**Resistance**is a material’s tendency to resist the flow of charge (current).
I know this looks
like Math and it is - HOWEVER - do not panic.
It's very simple math and all it is saying is that the Power (The
Voltage) of an electrical circuit is EQUAL to the FLOW
of Electrons - (I Stands for Amps. I
know, why is it not A?) but it is what it is) Multiplied by the Resistance
('R')

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